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AHIMA’s Position

AHIMA supports the accurate identification of patients to enhance patient safety, while also improving interoperability and the appropriate use of workforce resources. Health information (HI) professionals have extensive knowledge and expertise to inform and advance public policy that seeks to improve the accuracy of matching patients to their health information. To enhance accurate patient identification, AHIMA believes that policy must:

Policy must encourage the development of a public-private sector framework that identifies opportunities to enhance patient identification, including standardized demographic data elements and policies across various care settings and health information technology (IT) systems.

Policy must take a holistic approach and consider underlying and fundamental data integrity and quality processes and practices. It must also consider the adoption and implementation of technology that could improve patient identification and enhance trust and transparency.

Increased use of patient demographic information (including the use of data sets unrelated to healthcare) and the leveraging of newer and/or emerging technologies to enhance patient identification requires consideration of privacy concerns including transparency, patient consent, access, sharing, use, retention, and disposition of such information.

New standards and approaches must recognize the operational expertise of health information professionals in understanding how health information flows through the healthcare system. HI professionals’ expertise in the development and prioritization of data elements, mitigation and remediation of patient identification errors, and improving data quality must also be considered.

Background

Patient identification is the process of “correctly matching a patient to appropriately intended interventions and communicating information about the patient’s identity accurately and reliably throughout the continuum of care.” Patient identification encompasses not only physical identification of the patient but technologies capable of improving the accuracy of patient identification. Different technological practices, operational processes, and trained health information professionals are needed to optimize accurate patient identification to meet the increasing and diverse demands for the access, exchange, and use of data by stakeholders.

Today, lack of widespread operational principles as well as limitations in processes and technologies result in inaccurate patient identification.4 Accurate patient identification offers substantial benefits including improved patient safety and efficiencies as well as enhanced interoperability. That said, certain challenges including data standardization and privacy concerns must be addressed. As policymakers seek to address this issue, AHIMA members have the expertise to offer practical insight.

 

Key Points

To realize the benefits of accurate patient identification, certain challenges must be addressed including:

Standardized data elements (e.g.—telephone number, date of birth, USPS address) can help optimize matching algorithm accuracy, thereby improving match rates.

Manual review and remediation of patient demographic information by health information professionals after an episode of care is not efficient, safe, or sustainable. Standardized practices and processes are needed in the collection and documentation of demographic patient data at registration, including the widespread adoption of standardized naming conventions, routine maintenance of demographic information changes (e.g., address, phone, email, gender and name change), and multiple birth indicators in pediatrics.

Improved functionality, use and acceptance of common standards and fields by downstream add-on systems and/or modules (e.g., “best of breed” specialty practice systems, lab modules, etc.) to avoid creation of duplicate records and/or share accurate demographic data elements can enable more holistic approaches to addressing patient identification.

Matching algorithms vary from basic to advanced approaches (e.g., deterministic matching vs. probabilistic matching). Greater understanding around matching algorithms can enhance trust in the deployment of such technologies, allowing HI professionals to accurately measure and compare the performance of matching technologies.

Consolidation of a single, uniform patient registration process across systems will streamline collection of patient demographic information and reduce patient time spent repeatedly completing multiple forms each visit.

Existing and emerging processes and technologies leveraged to improve patient identification must support the privacy and confidentiality of patients’ health information and consider patient consent, access, exchange, use, retention, and disposition considerations. Existing and emerging processes and technologies must also not leverage demographic information to deny care or be used for discriminatory purposes.

 

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